Role of the Egyptian Pound in International Trade

Egypt’s economy, heavily reliant on various foreign exchange sources such as tourism, remittances, and Suez Canal transit fees, has faced significant challenges recently. These have impacted the value and stability of its currency, the Egyptian pound (EGP), influencing its role in the global market. In the fiscal year 2022/2023, Egypt’s international trade volume was $110.407 billion. This included $70.783 billion in imports and $39.624 billion in exports, as reported by the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE)​​. 

The EGP’s value directly affects these trade numbers. A stronger EGP can make imports cheaper, while a weaker EGP can boost exports by making Egyptian products more competitive internationally. 

Main Trading Partners

Egypt’s economic landscape is deeply intertwined with its main trading partners, which collectively accounted for 61.1% of its total trade volume, amounting to an impressive $67.469 billion. Among these key partners are global economic giants such as the United Arab Emirates, the USA, and China. The interplay between the Egyptian pound (EGP) and the currencies of these nations is a critical factor in shaping trade dynamics and influencing the competitiveness of Egyptian products in international markets.

With one US dollar equating to approximately 30 Egyptian pounds, there is a unique economic leverage at play. The exchange rate is advantageous for Egypt, particularly in the tourism and online gaming industries. 

Tourists and online casino enthusiasts find Egypt an attractive destination and a lucrative online market, as their foreign currency stretches further due to the favourable exchange rate. This dynamic stimulates Egypt’s economy, attracting more tourists and players to trusted gambling sites in Egypt. Gamblers find value because their deposits, when converted to EGP, allow for larger play amounts, enhancing their overall gaming experience.

Furthermore, the value of the EGP holds significant sway over the competitiveness of Egyptian exports. A devalued EGP can effectively lower the price points of Egyptian goods and services in international markets. This price advantage can lead to an uptick in exports, contributing positively to Egypt’s trade balance.

The Egyptian Pound and Global Markets

Recent developments suggest that the EGP, despite facing devaluation pressures, could play a crucial role in international trade. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved a 46-month arrangement for Egypt, providing a $3 billion loan under the Extended Fund Facility. This agreement emphasizes a shift to a flexible exchange rate regime to enhance resilience against external shocks and rebuild external buffers. 

Furthermore, the IMF’s package focuses on reducing inflation, transitioning from subsidizing lending schemes, and implementing structural reforms to bolster private-sector growth​​.

2024 is set to witness a significant step for the EGP in the international bond market. Egypt plans to issue its first Egyptian pound-dominated bond, an initiative that will help the country secure foreign currency equivalent to the EGP bonds issued. This move, advised by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a part of the World Bank Group, indicates a strategic approach to enhance the EGP’s role in global finance​​.

Inflation and Economic Stability

Inflation is a crucial factor impacting the EGP’s international role. Reports suggest a projected decrease in inflation from 34% in 2023 to 27% in 2024. 

The decline is expected to be supported by a stable exchange rate and governmental measures, such as suspending work requiring large volumes of imported goods. However, the EGP is expected to experience a downward trend against the US dollar, which could lead to higher inflation rates in the second half of 2024​​.

Tourism and Economic Growth

Tourism, a significant contributor to Egypt’s economy, has shown signs of recovery. The devaluation of the EGP has spurred growth in this sector, with tourism revenues increasing by 26.8% in FY2022/2023. 

The influx of tourists has also risen significantly. However, geopolitical uncertainties and travel advisories could potentially impact future tourism revenues​​.


The Egyptian pound’s journey in international trade is marked by a mix of challenges and opportunities. Its role is shaped by Egypt’s unique geopolitical position, economic reforms, and global economic dynamics. 

As the country navigates through economic challenges and embraces reforms, the EGP is poised to play a significant role in the landscape of international finance. With strategic initiatives and a focus on stabilizing the economy, the future holds potential for the Egyptian pound to emerge stronger in the global market.


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